Why Student Loan Forgiveness


What Is Biden’s Plan to Cancel Student Debt?

On Aug. 24, 2022, the Biden-Harris administration unveiled its long-term plan to reduce student debt; however, the U S. Supreme Court in June 2023. The plan featured three prongs:

  • $10,000 in federal student loan forgiveness would have been available to borrowers making less than $125,000 annually. Heads of household or married couples filing jointly with income up to $250,000 would still have qualified If they had been students, recipients of the income-based Pell Grant would have been qualified for forgiveness of up to $20,000.
  • Federal student loan payments would resume on September 1, 2023.
  • Plans for income-driven repayment (IDR) would have been capped at 5% of discretionary income, as opposed to the current 2010%.

For a brief period, the student loan forbearance application process was open, but legal challenges led the U S. The Department of Education will halt processing applications that have already been submitted and cease accepting new applications permanently.

On June 30, 2023, President Biden unveiled the Savings on a Valuable Education (SAVE) Plan. Student loan borrowers could formally apply for it in August of the same year. The plan guarantees that balances don’t rise as long as payments are made on time, halves undergraduate loan payments, lowers some borrowers’ monthly loan payments to zero, and offers early forgiveness to low-balance borrowers.

Even though the Supreme Court ultimately rejected the debt forgiveness plan, the administration persisted in pursuing other debt relief options, such as income-driven repayment (IDR) plans and loan forgiveness. The pause on student loan interest ultimately ended on Sept. 1, 2023, and payments resumed on Oct. 1, 2023.

Keep in mind that even though the American Rescue Plan offers Jan. through 1, 2021, to Dec. 31, 2025, federally tax-free; however, some states may have a different view. At the moment, states including Arkansas, California, Indiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Wisconsin anticipate taxing forgiveness as income.

Certain federal loans held by the Department of Education would be eligible for student loan forgiveness. Private loans are ineligible for forgiveness.

Positive Impacts of Canceling Student Debt

Even though many borrowers owe more than $10,000, they would financially benefit from any type of student loan forgiveness. According to some economists, loan forgiveness would also boost the economy because borrowers could utilize the money saved for other things, like home purchases.

For instance, if your student loan debt is $35,000 and you make $300 monthly payments with a 4-year Over the course of the 2013 years, at a 66% interest rate, you will pay nearly $12,000 in interest. That $10,000 in student loan debt could be cancelled, saving you roughly $6,000 and allowing you to pay off the remaining debt five years earlier.

Particularly women and people of color, lower-income borrowers may benefit the most from the cancellation of student loans. An academic paper published in 2020-2022 reported that the median wealth of Black households overall, not just those with debt, would rise by 2042 percent points with forgiveness of $75,000 in student debt and by 2044 percent points with forgiveness of $50,000. Although those are greater sums than President Biden has recommended, they are consistent with the administration’s efforts to address racial equity.

Losing your eligibility for student loan forgiveness may result from refinancing your federal student loans into private student loans.

Negative Impacts of Canceling Student Debt

Opponents contend that waiving any amount of student loan debt would unfairly benefit a relatively privileged group of individuals: college students. Even though over 45 million Americans owe money on their student loans, they only make up about 13 5% of the U. S. population.

Concerns about the plan’s fairness aside, there are expenses associated with it. According to financial experts, canceling a loan would cost $519 billion over a ten-year budget window. The total sticker price could be close to $1 trillion if you include an additional $16 billion for forbearance for 2022 and possibly an additional $450 billion for the new income-driven repayment (IDR) program.

There has to be a source for that potential trillion dollars in forgiveness. Whether a taxpayer attended college or not, current estimates indicate that forgiveness will cost about $2,500 per taxpayer.

Although current borrowers may be affected by student loan forgiveness, the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget predicted that student loan debt would rise back to $1 in their analysis. 6 trillion by 2028. The plan has no effect on present and future students who must pay historically high tuition fees because it does nothing to reduce the cost of higher education.

Eliminating student loan debt could also have the unfavorable effect of raising inflation rates. According to the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, the $10,000 to $20,000 in additional funding for millions of borrowers could result in an increase of 15 to 27 basis points in personal consumption expenditure (PCE) inflation.

If your federal student loan forgiveness application is denied and you are not granted relief, you might want to think about refinancing or loan consolidation.

Do I Have to Have a Certain Type of Loan to Qualify for Forgiveness?

Yes. Only federal loans held by the United States are covered by the student debt relief plan. S. Department of Education. These loans include direct loans for undergraduate and graduate study, Federal Family Education Loans (FFELs), Perkins Loans, and some Department of Education-held defaulted loans.

What Are Three Pros of Canceling Student Loan Debt?

Three main justifications for a widespread cancellation of student loans are as follows:

  • Student loan debt restricts consumer spending and slows the growth of new businesses. By making it more affordable for borrowers to participate in the national economy, widespread student loan debt forgiveness may contribute to its growth.
  • Black borrowers have a disproportionate amount of student loan debt compared to their White counterparts for a variety of reasons, including generational wealth, family income, and other considerations. Reducing student loan debt may help close the wealth gap between races.
  • An entire generation has been deprived of life milestones such as marriage, home ownership, and even retirement savings due to high debt loads. Reducing student loan debt would probably benefit thousands of people in terms of their credit, financial and personal well-being, employment security and happiness, and even family stability. It would also enable more people to take advantage of early homeownership, emergency fund building, human capital investments, and wealth accumulation.

Is Enrollment in the Saving on a Valuable Education (SAVE) Plan Automatic?

It depends. The new Savings on a Valuable Education (SAVE) Plan will be automatically enrolled for borrowers who are currently enrolled in the Revised Pay as You Earn (REPAYE) plan. It will be necessary for other debtors to apply in order to be eligible for forgiveness.

The Bottom Line

While experts agree that reforming higher education is a good idea, especially with regard to costs, they disagree on whether the best course of action is to forgive all or part of the debt associated with student loans. Although the forgiveness recipients will benefit monetarily, there might be longer-term effects that end up costing all taxpayers more in the long run. Article Sources: Investopedia mandates that authors cite original sources to bolster their claims. These consist of government data, original reporting, white papers, and conversations with professionals in the field. When appropriate, we also cite original research from other respectable publishers. You can read more about the guidelines we adhere to when creating impartial, truthful content in our

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Why should student loan be forgiven?

Student loan debt restricts consumer spending and slows the growth of new businesses. By making it more affordable for borrowers to participate in the national economy, widespread student loan debt forgiveness may contribute to its growth.

Why did the Supreme Court strike down student loan forgiveness?

The court declared that “the ‘economic and political significance’ of the Secretary’s action is staggering by any measure,” rejecting the government’s argument that the education secretary would have such authority to rewrite the statute and erase $430 billion in student debt. ” The court reasoned that the Congress that enacted the .

What is the downside to student loan forgiveness?

The taxes are perhaps the biggest disadvantage of forgiving student loans. Except in certain cases (PSLF, for example), the IRS views the amount of your forgiven balance as taxable income. The amount of money you owe in taxes could reach tens of thousands of dollars, depending on how much is forgiven.

Why did student loans become a problem?

The origins of the current student debt issue date back to the 1960s, when California Gov. Ronald Reagan cut higher education funding and raised tuition. Higher education was once viewed as a public good, but it is now widely viewed as a private good.

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