How We Make Money
The businesses whose offers you see on this website pay us. Unless our mortgage, home equity, and other home lending products are specifically prohibited by law, this compensation may have an impact on how and where products appear on this website, including, for example, the order in which they may appear within the listing categories. However, this payment has no bearing on the content we post or the user reviews you see here. We don’t include the range of businesses or loan options that you might have.
Our goal at Bankrate is to assist you in making more informed financial decisions. Although we follow stringent guidelines, this post might mention goods from our partners. Heres an explanation for . Bankrate logo.
Bankrate was established in 1976 and has a long history of assisting consumers in making wise financial decisions. We’ve upheld this reputation for more than 40 years by assisting people in making sense of the financial decision-making process and providing them with confidence regarding their next course of action.
You can rely on Bankrate to prioritize your interests because we adhere to a rigorous editorial policy. All of the content we publish is objective, accurate, and reliable because it is written by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts.
Our home equity reporters and editors concentrate on the topics that matter most to consumers: the most recent rates, the greatest lenders, various kinds of home equity options, and more. This way, as a borrower or homeowner, you can make decisions with confidence. Bankrate logo.
You can rely on Bankrate to prioritize your interests because we adhere to a rigorous editorial policy. Our team of distinguished editors and reporters produces truthful and precise content to assist you in making wise financial decisions.
We value your trust. Our goal is to give readers reliable, unbiased information, and we have established editorial standards to make sure that happens. Our reporters and editors carefully verify the accuracy of the editorial content they produce, making sure you’re reading true information. We keep our editorial staff and advertisers apart with a firewall. No direct payment from our advertisers is given to our editorial staff.
The editorial staff at Bankrate writes for YOU, the reader. Providing you with the best guidance possible to enable you to make wise personal finance decisions is our aim. We adhere to stringent policies to guarantee that advertisers have no influence over our editorial content. Advertisers don’t pay our editorial staff directly, and we carefully fact-check all of our content to guarantee accuracy. Thus, you can be sure that the information you’re reading, whether it’s an article or a review, is reliable and reputable. Bankrate logo.
How we make money
You have money questions. Bankrate has answers. For more than 40 years, our professionals have assisted you in managing your finances. We always work to give customers the professional guidance and resources they need to be successful on their financial journey.
Because Bankrate adheres to strict editorial standards, you can rely on our content to be truthful and accurate. Our team of distinguished editors and reporters produces truthful and precise content to assist you in making wise financial decisions. Our editorial team produces factual, unbiased content that is unaffected by our sponsors.
By outlining our revenue streams, we are open and honest about how we are able to provide you with high-quality material, affordable prices, and practical tools.
Bankrate. com is an independent, advertising-supported publisher and comparison service. We receive payment when you click on specific links that we post on our website or when sponsored goods and services are displayed on it. Therefore, this compensation may affect the placement, order, and style of products within listing categories, with the exception of our mortgage, home equity, and other home lending products, where legal prohibitions apply. The way and location of products on this website can also be affected by other variables, like our own unique website policies and whether or not they are available in your area or within your own credit score range. Although we make an effort to present a variety of offers, Bankrate does not contain details about all financial or credit products or services.
- Some of the lowest interest rates are offered to borrowers for home equity loans.
- Home equity loans have many drawbacks despite their benefits, such as the possibility of losing your house if you default on the loan.
- Additionally, you might see an increase in interest rates, lose credit, or end up underwater on the loan.
- Carefully reading your loan documentation can help you minimize and be ready for many of these risks.
Homeowners can benefit from home equity loans by using the value of their property to quickly and easily obtain cash. If you are certain that you will be able to make your loan payments on time, and particularly if you use the loan for improvements that raise the value of your home, then borrowing against your ownership stake might be worthwhile.
With these loans, there are a few things to keep in mind. Naturally, there is some risk associated with any loan, but since home equity financing is a secured debt type, specifically secured by your home, you should proceed with extra caution.
Here are some home equity loan risks and ways to reduce or eliminate them.
Risks of home equity loans
Home equity loans and home equity lines of credit are the two primary loan types that use the value of your house as collateral (HELOCs) Here’s what can happen with both or one of them.
Your home is on the line
When you take out a loan using your house as collateral, the risks are higher. A home equity loan or HELOC default could result in your lender foreclosing on it, unlike credit card defaults, which carry penalties like late fees and a lowered credit score. There are a few steps involved before that occurs, but there is still a chance.
Do your arithmetic homework before applying for a home equity loan. Calculate your household’s income to determine whether you have enough money to make the payments on a regular basis and whether you could continue to do so even if your income changed.
Home values can change
Mortgage rates are rising, which means borrowing is more expensive and will result in higher monthly mortgage payments, which has reduced buyer enthusiasm. As a result, the growth of home prices has stalled and in some cases even decreased.
Negative equity occurs when you owe more on your home than it is worth because the value of your property decreases between your mortgage and your home equity loan. It can be very problematic if you’re in this situation—underwater or upside down—especially if you try to sell your house. Mortgage Your lender may cap your balance, or lower the amount of home equity you are able to borrow against, if you have a home equity line of credit (HELOC) and the value of your house drops significantly. Additionally, your HELOC would likely be frozen and you wouldn’t be able to withdraw money from it if your house was underwater.
Interest rates can rise with some loans
HELOCs typically have adjustable rates, which means that payments increase as interest rates rise, though loan terms vary by lender and product.
“If there is inflation or the Fed hikes rates to cool down an overheating economy, the interest rate on a home equity line of credit will move up,” says Matt Hackett, operations manager at mortgage lender Equity Now.
HELOC borrowers may wind up paying significantly more than they initially agreed to because interest rates are erratic. This is particularly likely to happen if rates rise quickly, as they did in 2022. In the worst cases, your monthly payments could become unaffordable.
Nevertheless, home equity loans usually have fixed interest rates for the duration of the loan, so you will always know how much your monthly payment will be.
Paying the minimum could make payments unmanageable down the line
Despite the fact that you can typically repay any amount you borrow at any time, many HELOCs have interest-only payments for the first ten years or for the duration of their draw period, which is when you can access the funds. As tempting as that may be, you won’t be able to reduce your outstanding balance if you just make these minimum payments.
Borrowers enter the HELOC repayment period after the draw period ends. During this time, they must begin repaying principal and interest and are unable to use the credit line. You may get sticker shock when the principal amount is added to your monthly bill if you borrowed a sizable sum during the draw period and only made minimum payments.
Your credit score can drop
Getting a home equity loan may also have an impact on your credit rating. The amount of credit you are utilizing out of your available credit is one of the many factors that make up your credit score.
Your credit score may suffer if a sizable home equity loan is added to your credit report. That might make it more difficult to be approved for future loans. For instance, you might receive a worse deal on your auto loan if you take out a home equity loan before purchasing a car.
If you have a home equity loan and make consistent monthly payments on it, you may eventually improve your credit by demonstrating your ability to manage long-term debt. Just be aware of the short-term drop you’ll likely see.
When to avoid a home equity loan
Although funds from a home equity loan can be used for anything, you shouldn’t use them for anything. If you plan to use the money for debt consolidation with a lower interest rate or home improvements, a home equity loan might be a smart choice. But if a home equity loan will put too much strain on your finances or just move debt around, it’s not a good idea.
It is advisable to steer clear of using a home equity loan in the following situations if you are considering one:
To help solve monthly cash flow problems
As a general rule, using a home equity loan to cover sporadic financial gaps in your household or living budget is not a good idea, according to Steve Sexton, CEO of Sexton Advisory Group, a Temecula, California-based financial consultant.
Ultimately, you still have to pay back a home equity loan, and missing payments could make your debt worse. “If you don’t have a structured plan to pay back the loan, it will likely do the opposite if you’re hoping it will help your cash flow problems,” advises Sexton.
To buy a car
Additionally, using home equity loans to pay for a new car is a bad idea. This, according to Sexton, is essentially just shifting debt from one place to another without addressing the underlying causes of the problems, which are usually excessive or poor spending habits.
“A car is a depreciating asset,” says Sexton. “There is no long-term value, and you could face home foreclosure if you lose your job and are unable to make the payments.” ”.
To pay for a vacation
Sexton claims that financing leisure and entertainment with home equity loans “indicates you’re spending beyond your means.” “Using debt to support your way of life only makes it worse.” ”.
If getting a loan to pay for a vacation would make your monthly spending more difficult and jeopardize your house, it would be wiser to postpone getting the loan and instead establish a savings account specifically for trips.
To invest in real estate
While investing is always a noble endeavor, taking on debt to make investments is questionable, particularly if you’re not a venture fund capitalist or day trader. Investing in real estate in particular is highly illiquid and somewhat speculative. Even with a successful real estate investment, appreciation may take years to materialize, and repaying your home equity loan will be challenging.
To pay for college
This is more of a think it through carefully than a complete avoid. It’s true that investing in a college education can pay off in terms of future employment and skill sets. Moreover, employing home equity loans can be a wise move, particularly HELOCs, which are designed specifically for expenses that must be paid for over an extended period of time in installments. Simply withdraw the amount required for tuition for that year or that semester, and you will only be charged interest on that specific amount. Alternatively, you or your child can begin making repayments to avoid being faced with a massive debt load following graduation.
However, there are other options for funding college that don’t involve jeopardizing your house. Furthermore, federal student loan interest rates are less expensive than those of home equity loans and HELOCs.
To pay off credit card or other debt
Because a home equity loan is secured, it does indeed have interest rates that are significantly lower than those of credit cards and personal loans. Replacing costly debt with less expensive debt isn’t always a bad idea. In actuality, it’s the main motivation behind debt consolidation in the first place.
But be careful. You may find yourself in a worse situation if you haven’t addressed the issues that led to your high-interest debt. It’s possible that you’ll accumulate new credit card debt in addition to having to make payments on your home equity loan.
How to protect yourself from the risks of home equity loans and HELOCs
If you decide to apply for a home equity loan, proceed wisely.
Don’t borrow more than you need
It’s important to make sure you only borrow as much as you need and that repayments are manageable because you’re risking your house.
It’s a good idea to discuss your goals with a financial advisor before applying to see if a home equity loan can help. An advisor can assist you in analyzing the data and coming to a well-informed decision about your future and present financial status.
Create and stick to a budget
It’s common to believe that you have a sizable amount of money when you obtain a home equity loan, or HELOC. That makes it easier to spend superfluously.
Make a budget as soon as you receive your loan and follow it. Make sure your new loan payment is included in the budget so you can effectively reduce the remaining amount. In the event that you chose a HELOC, ensure that your budget accounts for both interest and a portion of the principal.
Paying down principal during the draw period can save you a lot of money (in smaller interest charges) and prevent an unpleasant payment spike when the draw period ends, even if principal payments aren’t necessary right away.
Refinance your HELOC into a fixed-rate HELOC
You can always think about switching from an adjustable rate HELOC to a fixed rate at any point during your draw period or after it expires (provided the lender permits it; this is something else to look for when comparing offers). Many lenders offer fixed-rate HELOCs and HELOC conversions. This allows you to settle your debt while the interest rate is fixed.
Alternately, you might consider refinancing the HELOC to a fixed-rate mortgage. That will shield you from unanticipated changes in interest rates that could result in higher monthly payments. Just make sure there isn’t a prepayment penalty by carefully reading the loan’s fine print.
Monitor your credit score
Pay attention to how your home equity loan affects your credit score. Adding a new, significant debt to your report will almost certainly result in a short-term decrease in your score.
Observe how your score changes as you make payments and take out more money from your HELOC. If it falls off a lot, you might want to think about stopping HELOC withdrawals or working harder to pay off the loan.
How to use home equity to increase the value of your home
There are various ways to take advantage of your home equity to improve your finances.
Pay for emergency repairs
It can be challenging to quickly come up with thousands of dollars in repair funds if your house requires emergency septic system, plumbing, or roofing work. It can make sense to use a home equity loan to pay for urgent repairs, particularly if doing so will protect the value of your house in the future.
Pay for home improvements
Using the equity in your home to finance renovations can improve your living space and increase the value of your property, provided that urgent repairs are taken care of first.
The typical cost of remodeling a kitchen can range from $14,000 to $16,700, while remodeling a bathroom typically costs between $6,600 and $16,700. You can use the equity in your home to complete large projects like these. Furthermore, when the time comes to sell your house, making improvements like these can be a wise return on investment.
Buy land to build on
The equity in your house may be used as funding to buy land on which you may eventually build a house. Even if you don’t succeed, investing in land for potential residential development can be a smart move, particularly if development is already underway in your area.
Alternatives to a home equity loan
There are other options if you need cash and a home equity loan isn’t a good fit for you. The options include:
- Personal loan: Getting a personal loan can be simpler, and the money is frequently available in a matter of days. However, a personal loan might not provide you with as much cash as a home equity loan, and it might have a higher interest rate and a shorter repayment period.
- Credit cards: Using a credit card might be an option for you, depending on how much money you need. However, many credit cards have steep interest rates these days. Therefore, if you’re thinking about getting one, look around for a card that has an introductory rate of 0%. And then make sure you finish off the remaining amount before the introductory period expires.
- Cash-out refinance: This type of refinancing entails taking out a brand-new mortgage on your house for a sum greater than what you presently owe. The additional funds you are borrowing will be given to you in one big payment.
Bottom line on home equity loan risks
While equity is sometimes portrayed by mortgage lenders as money that is simply sitting around to be utilized, home equity loans are actually just that—loans. They incur fees and interest in addition to creating a debt that needs to be repaid, which could cost you thousands of dollars over the course of the loan.
That’s not to argue that taking on the risks associated with a home equity loan isn’t worthwhile in certain situations; in fact, it can be a smart move if you plan to use the money for improvements, renovations, or other home improvement projects.
According to Sexton, “many clients took out home equity loans in 2020, 2021, and the first half of 2022 to remodel and sell their property to create a larger profit.” Those short turnaround times are mostly gone now that interest rates have increased and the real estate market has slowed. However, it can still be a wise move to use home equity as a long-term investment to increase the value of your house.
Examine your financial status and compare home equity rates, terms, and fees from multiple lenders before deciding to take out a home equity loan to determine the potential costs.
What is the downside of a home equity loan?
Drawbacks of Home Equity Loans: Higher Interest Rate Compared to a HELOC: Over the course of the loan, you may pay more interest since home equity loans typically have higher interest rates than home equity lines of credit. Your House Will Be Used As Collateral: Your credit score will suffer if you don’t make your monthly payments on time.
Is pulling equity out of your house a good idea?
If you plan to use the money for debt consolidation with a lower interest rate or home improvements, a home equity loan might be a smart choice. But if a home equity loan will put too much strain on your finances or just move debt around, it’s not a good idea.
Is an equity home loan a good idea?
Utilizing the value of your home as collateral for a home equity loan can be a terrific way to help you reach other financial objectives. However, this may not always be the best course of action for all homeowners.
Is it better to borrow from the bank or a home equity?
With a personal loan, you’ll have no closing costs. Closing costs are not included in the equation, even though you might be required to pay early repayment penalties or late payment fees. Whenever possible, it is preferable to obtain a personal loan rather than a home equity loan when time is of the essence.
Read More :