How Much Are Student Loan Interest Rates


How We Make Money

The businesses whose offers you see on this website pay us. Unless our mortgage, home equity, and other home lending products are specifically prohibited by law, this compensation may have an impact on how and where products appear on this website, including, for example, the order in which they may appear within the listing categories. However, this payment has no bearing on the content we post or the user reviews you see here. We don’t include the range of businesses or loan options that you might have.

Our goal at Bankrate is to assist you in making more informed financial decisions. Although we follow stringent guidelines, this post might mention goods from our partners. Heres an explanation for . Bankrate logo.

Bankrate was established in 1976 and has a long history of assisting consumers in making wise financial decisions. We’ve upheld this reputation for more than 40 years by assisting people in making sense of the financial decision-making process and providing them with confidence regarding their next course of action.

You can rely on Bankrate to prioritize your interests because we adhere to a rigorous editorial policy. All of the content we publish is objective, accurate, and reliable because it is written by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts.

Our banking reporters and editors concentrate on the topics that matter most to customers: the best banks, the most recent rates, various account kinds, money-saving advice, and more, so you can handle your money with confidence. Bankrate logo.

You can rely on Bankrate to prioritize your interests because we adhere to a rigorous editorial policy. Our team of distinguished editors and reporters produces truthful and precise content to assist you in making wise financial decisions.

We value your trust. Our goal is to give readers reliable, unbiased information, and we have established editorial standards to make sure that happens. Our reporters and editors carefully verify the accuracy of the editorial content they produce, making sure you’re reading true information. We keep our editorial staff and advertisers apart with a firewall. No direct payment from our advertisers is given to our editorial staff.

The editorial staff at Bankrate writes for YOU, the reader. Providing you with the best guidance possible to enable you to make wise personal finance decisions is our aim. We adhere to stringent policies to guarantee that advertisers have no influence over our editorial content. Advertisers don’t pay our editorial staff directly, and we carefully fact-check all of our content to guarantee accuracy. Thus, you can be sure that the information you’re reading, whether it’s an article or a review, is reliable and reputable. Bankrate logo.

How we make money

You have money questions. Bankrate has answers. For more than 40 years, our professionals have assisted you in managing your finances. We always work to give customers the professional guidance and resources they need to be successful on their financial journey.

Because Bankrate adheres to strict editorial standards, you can rely on our content to be truthful and accurate. Our team of distinguished editors and reporters produces truthful and precise content to assist you in making wise financial decisions. Our editorial team produces factual, unbiased content that is unaffected by our sponsors.

By outlining our revenue streams, we are open and honest about how we are able to provide you with high-quality material, affordable prices, and practical tools.

Bankrate. com is an independent, advertising-supported publisher and comparison service. We receive payment when you click on specific links that we post on our website or when sponsored goods and services are displayed on it. Therefore, this compensation may affect the placement, order, and style of products within listing categories, with the exception of our mortgage, home equity, and other home lending products, where legal prohibitions apply. The way and location of products on this website can also be affected by other variables, like our own unique website policies and whether or not they are available in your area or within your own credit score range. Although we make an effort to present a variety of offers, Bankrate does not contain details about all financial or credit products or services.

When scholarships, grants, and other forms of aid are insufficient to cover financial gaps, student loans can be helpful, but the money is not free. Student loans have interest rates in addition to your principal balance, or the total amount you initially borrowed. These interest rates impact both your monthly payment and the total amount of debt you will eventually have. Prior to taking out a loan, compare interest rates to make sure your debt can be managed after you graduate.

Currently, the interest rate on federal student loans for undergraduates is 5. 50% for the academic year 2023–2024; graduate students have interest rates of 7% 05 percent or 8. 05 percent for unsubsidized loans or Direct PLUS loans, respectively. Private student loan interest rates range from 4. 50 percent to 16. 99 percent and are based primarily on your credit score.

Current student loan interest rates

Federal student loan debt makes up about 92% of the total, with interest rates ranging from 5 50 percent to 8. 05 percent. Conversely, the average interest rate on a private student loan can vary from about 4 50 percent to almost 17 percent.

Private student loan rates vary depending on the lender, the type of interest rate (variable or fixed), and the borrower’s credit score, whereas federal student loan rates are the same for all borrowers. Caret Down.

Direct Subsidized Loans and Direct Unsubsidized Loans Undergraduate students 5.50% 1.057% for loans first disbursed on or after Oct. 1, 2020, and before Oct. 1, 2024
Direct Unsubsidized Loans Graduate or professional students 7.05% 1.057% for loans first disbursed on or after Oct. 1, 2020, and before Oct. 1, 2024
Direct PLUS Loans Parents and graduate or professional students 8.05% 4.228% for loans first disbursed on or after Oct. 1, 2020, and before Oct. 1, 2024
College Ave 5.59% to 16.99% 4.43% to 16.99%
Earnest 5.62% to 16.20% 4.42% to 15.90%
LendKey 6.10% to 11.34% 4.39% to 11.34%
SoFi 5.99% to 14.70% 4.44% to 14.70%

*Includes autopay discount. Interest rates as of Dec. 8, 2023.

Earnest 5.19% to 8.99% 5.99% to 8.94%
LendKey 5.24% to 9.35% N/A
SoFi 3.99% to 9.99% 6.24% to 9.99%

*Includes autopay discount. Interest rates as of Dec. 8, 2023.

July 1, 2023 – June 30, 2024 5.50% 5.50% 7.05% 8.05%
July 1, 2022 – June 30, 2023 4.99% 4.99% 6.54% 7.54%
July 1, 2021 – June 30, 2022 3.73% 3.73% 5.28% 6.28%
July 1, 2020 – June 30, 2021 2.75% 2.75% 4.30% 5.30%
July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020 4.53% 4.53% 6.08% 7.08%
July 1, 2018 – June 30, 2019 5.05% 5.05% 6.60% 7.60%
July 1, 2017 – June 30, 2018 4.45% 4.45% 6.00% 7.00%
July 1, 2016 – June 30, 2017 3.76% 3.76% 5.31% 6.31%
July 1, 2015 – June 30, 2016 4.29% 4.29% 5.84% 6.84%
July 1, 2014 – June 30, 2015 4.66% 4.66% 6.21% 7.21%
July 1, 2013 – June 30, 2014 3.86% 3.86% 5.41% 6.41%

How are student loan interest rates set?

Interest rates on federal student loans and private student loans are closely related. Private student loan rates are probably going to decline along with federal student loan rates. This is due to the fact that both kinds of loans frequently mirror broader trends in the economy.

Federal student loan interest rates

Congress determines the interest rates for federal student loans each spring by looking at the yield from the most recent 10-year Treasury note auction in May. Student loans disbursed between July 1 and June 30 of the following year are subject to the new rates. Because federal loans are fixed, the interest rate won’t change during the loan’s term. There is no correlation between your credit score and financial history and the interest rate you pay on a federal student loan.

Interest charges differ between subsidized and unsubsidized loans. For federally subsidized loans, interest is covered by the government for the duration of your grace period, deferment, and at least half of your time in school. Once you begin making payments, the only amounts you’ll owe are the original principal balance, loan fees, and interest that has been accrued thus far.

Interest on federal unsubsidized loans begins to accrue as soon as the money is disbursed. When your loan comes due, the interest on your student loans will be added to your principal balance if you decide to postpone payments until after graduation or during your six-month grace period.

Private student loan interest rates

Private student loans are provided by online lenders, credit unions, and banks. Interest rates vary from lender to lender. Numerous private lenders for student loans offer both fixed and variable interest rates. Your interest rate will change based on market conditions if you select the variable rate option.

The Secured Overnight Financing Rate indexes or the Libor are the primary sources of rate ranges for student loan lenders.

Private lenders, however, also usually consider your co-signer’s credit score, income, and financial history when determining the interest rate, even though rates are linked to this benchmark. In general, interest rates will be lower the better your credit and financial standing.

Many lenders will perform a soft credit pull as part of the prequalification process in order to obtain this information. This kind of credit inquiry lets you view your possible terms and interest rates without affecting your credit. But, in order to approve you for the loan, the lender will need to perform a hard credit inquiry, which could lower your credit score by a few points, if you choose to move through with the application process.

Some lenders also take into account your work and academic history, potential future earnings, and other factors to make loans more accessible.

How will student loan rates change in 2023?

The federal funds rate increased to 5. 25-5. 5 percent in Sept. 2023 and has steadily increased for the past two years. This implies that interest rates on your student loans, both federal and private, may increase as well, increasing the cost of your debt.

The Biden presidency and student loans

Although the president cannot influence student loan interest rates, Joe Biden has been looking for additional ways to lower the cost of college and lessen the burden of student debt. He unveiled a plan to forgive up to $20,000 in federal student loan debt for millions of qualified students in August 2022.

Despite the Supreme Court’s rejection of this plan, the Biden administration is still working to increase the number of borrowers who can receive loan forgiveness. For instance, the administration made adjustments to the Public Service Loan Forgiveness and income-driven repayment programs in October, which allowed about 125,000 borrowers to receive a combined $9 billion in debt relief.

How to calculate student loan interest

You can determine your monthly budget by calculating the interest on your student loans. Use the following formulas to determine how much interest you pay each month:

  • Find your daily interest rate. Divide your annual interest rate by 365. Determine your daily interest accrual charge. Multiply your daily interest rate by your remaining principal balance. Calculate your monthly payment. The daily interest accumulation should be multiplied by the number of days in your billing cycle.

Assume that the interest rate on your $10,000 loan is five percent each month. Heres what those steps look like:

  • 0. 05 (annual interest rate) / 365 = 0. 000137 $10,000 (principal balance) x 0. 000137 = 1. 37 1. Number of days in billing cycle multiplied by 37 = $41 10 .

In this scenario, youll pay $41. 10 in interest your first month. A smaller portion of your monthly payment will go toward interest as you reduce the principal balance.

Over the course of the loan, the daily interest rate on some private loans may change because they have variable rates. A student loan calculator is another tool you can use to determine your monthly interest rate.

The difference between subsidized and unsubsidized student loans

Federal student loans can be either subsidized or unsubsidized. How you will pay off the interest and the total amount of debt you have after graduation is the main distinction between the two options. While interest is not assessed until you begin repayment on subsidized loans, unsubsidized loans begin to accrue interest as soon as they are disbursed.

  • Who pays interest costs? The borrower.
  • $31,000 for dependent undergraduate students, $57,500 for independent undergraduate students, and $138,500 for the majority of graduate or professional students is the lifetime maximum.
  • Do you need to demonstrate financial need? No.
  • Undergraduate, graduate, and professional degree students are the ones who are eligible to borrow money.
  • Are there extra costs involved? 1. 057 percent fee for loans disbursed on or after Oct. 1, 2020, and before Oct. 1, 2024.
  • Who pays interest costs? The U. S. The Department of Education covers interest during deferment, the six-month grace period following graduation, and as long as the student is enrolled at least half-time. The borrower pays interest during regular repayment periods.
  • Whats the lifetime maximum limit? $23,000.
  • Do you need to demonstrate financial need? Yes.
  • Who can borrow? Undergraduate students.
  • Are there extra costs involved? 1. 057 percent fee for loans disbursed on or after Oct. 1, 2020, and before Oct. 1, 2024.

The difference between fixed and variable rates

Because fixed interest rates don’t fluctuate during the course of your loan, you’ll be aware of your total borrowing costs up front as well as the amount of your monthly payments. All federal loans have fixed rates.

Due to variable interest rates, which fluctuate depending on the state of the market, your monthly payment may go up or down over time. Usually, these adjustments take place once a month, once a quarter, or once a year. Private student loans can have either fixed or variable rates.

Is it better to choose a fixed or variable rate student loan?

With a fixed rate, your payments will stay the same for the duration of the loan, even though fixed-rate student loans typically have higher starting rates than variable-rate loans. Additionally, fixed interest rates shield you from a rising interest rate environment.

Conversely, variable-rate loans typically have lower initial rates, and you might end up paying more or less over time depending on the state of the market. But that’s a big “if. ”.

Ultimately, what you feel comfortable with will determine which loan type is best for you: a fixed rate or a variable rate. A fixed rate is the best option if you prefer predictability; however, if you’d rather take a chance, a variable rate might be more appropriate.

How can I reduce my student loan interest rate?

There are several ways to reduce the interest rate on your student loans:

  • Before applying, raise your credit score: If you’re applying for a private lender loan, your credit will probably be checked. Your interest rate will decrease in proportion to your credit score. Check your credit reports for errors prior to applying, and refrain from applying for additional credit.
  • Apply with a co-signer: A lot of people who take out student loans don’t have a lot of credit history. In this case, you might want to have a co-signer on your loan. Getting a co-signer with excellent credit will increase your creditworthiness and may result in lower interest rates. Some lenders require a co-signer, especially for undergraduate borrowers.
  • Select a variable rate: Selecting a variable rate instead of a fixed one carries a risk of lower interest rates during recessions. But remember that there’s a chance that your interest rate could increase.
  • Refinance previous loans: You might be able to refinance into a lower interest rate if you obtained a student loan at a time when interest rates were high. This is particularly valid if your credit score has improved since your initial application. Just keep in mind that you will forfeit benefits like income-driven repayment plans and coronavirus forbearance if you refinance a federal student loan.

How to pay off student loan interestStudent loan interest can add significantly to the overall cost of your loan — often thousands of dollars. To minimize how much you pay in interest, you can:

  • Opt for interest-only payments while in school. While enrolled in school, you are not obliged to make payments, but many lenders allow you to choose to pay interest only. This prevents interest accrual. Additionally, some let you make little payments toward the principal.
  • Make biweekly payments. Instead of making a single, large payment on your loans each month, if you can afford it, consider making half-payments every two weeks. This speeds up loan repayment and directs a larger portion of your payment toward principal rather than interest.
  • Put any extra funds toward your student loans. Tell your lender that you wish to apply any tax refund or other one-time payment you receive toward your principal balance. This is an effective strategy to lower the amount of your loan and the total amount of time you spend repaying it, which lowers the total amount of interest you pay.

Shopping around with several lenders is the best way to find a good interest rate if you’re thinking about taking out a student loan. Federal student loans are typically the greatest place to start your search, but private student loans can be a useful addition. There are lenders that specifically serve borrowers with poor credit, even though you will pay higher interest rates if your credit score needs improvement.

Ready to compare rates from top lenders?


What is the average interest rate for student loans?

Federal student loan debt makes up about 92% of the total, with interest rates ranging from 5 50 percent to 8. 05 percent. Conversely, the average interest rate on a private student loan can vary from about 4 50 percent to almost 17 percent.

Which bank has the lowest interest rate for student loan?

BanksInterest RatesProcessing FeesBank of Maharashtra9. 45% p. a. to 11. 30% p. a. NilHDFC9. 50% p. a. onwardsAs per the criteria of the bankIndian Overseas Bank9. 75% p. a. to 13. 3% p. a. Contact the bankICICI Bank9. 50% p. a. to 14. 75% p. a. Up to 2% plus GST.

How often do student loans accrue interest?

Annual percentage rates (APRs) are typically used to advertise student loan rates, but the interest compounds every day. On the promissory note for your student loans, you can find out your compounding rate and the frequency of interest accrual.

Are student loan rates higher than mortgage rates?

Conventional 30-year fixed-rate mortgage rates vary in tandem with the yield on the 10-year Treasury note. Every spring, Congress determines the federal loan rates for the 10-year Treasury note. Private lenders have their own formulas. A 30-year fixed-rate mortgage’s interest rate is usually lower than that of a student loan.

Read More :

Leave a Comment